Poultry House Equipment

Poultry house equipment is a general term for the special machinery, tools and internal facilities used by chicken farms in the production of chicks, breeders, broilers and laying hens. Chicken farms can be divided into two types: free-range and caged. Specialized chicken farms are divided into original breeding farms, breeder farms, backup chicken farms, laying hen farms and broiler chicken farms. Poultry house equipment includes: heating equipment, ventilation equipment, water supply equipment, feeding equipment, egg collection equipment, manure cleaning equipment, cages, lighting equipment, etc.
(1) As long as the heating equipment can achieve the purpose of heating and heat preservation, electric heating, water heating heating, coal stoves and even heated kang, floor kang and other heating methods can be selected, but it should be noted that the heating of coal stoves is dirty and prone to gas poisoning, so it must be added. chimney. Pay attention to thermal insulation when designing the house.
(2) Ventilation equipment
The closed chicken house must use mechanical ventilation. According to the direction of airflow in the house, it can be divided into horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. Horizontal ventilation refers to the direction of airflow in the house that is perpendicular to the long axis of the house, and vertical ventilation refers to a ventilation method in which a large number of fans are concentrated in one place, so that the air flow in the house is parallel to the long axis of the house. Research and practice since 1988 have proved that the effect of vertical ventilation is better, which can eliminate and overcome the dead angle of ventilation and the phenomenon of small and uneven wind speed in the house during horizontal ventilation, and at the same time eliminate the disadvantage of cross-infection between chicken houses caused by horizontal ventilation.

(3) Water supply equipment
From the point of view of saving water and preventing bacterial contamination, nipple drinkers are the most ideal water supply equipment, and high-quality water-tight drinkers must be selected. At present, the most common use of cage-raised chickens and laying hens is V-shaped sinks, which often run water for water supply, but spend energy to scrub the sinks every day. When brooding flat, you can use a pendant-type automatic drinking fountain, which is both hygienic and water-saving.
(4) Feeding equipment
Feeding troughs are mainly used, and long through troughs are used for caged chickens. This feeding method can also be used for flat brooding, and can also be used for feeding from hanging buckets. The shape of the feeding trough has a great influence on the throwing of the feed for the chickens. The feeding trough is too shallow and there is no edge protection, which will cause a lot of feed waste.

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